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Meaning Change in GrammaticalizationAn Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis$
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Regine Eckardt

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199262601

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.001.0001

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What is Going to Happen

What is Going to Happen

Chapter:
(p.91) 4 What is Going to Happen
Source:
Meaning Change in Grammaticalization
Author(s):

Regine Eckardt (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0004

This chapter recapitulates the emergence of going to and traces the semantic reanalysis that led from movement construction to future tense/aspect. It demonstrates that the redistribution of semantic content over the parts of the sentence leads to a new tense form which, already in the phase of emergence (very roughly 1450), was specific enough to determine the possible uses that were actualized in later centuries, including subtle observations about the differences between will future and going to future in conditionals and other properties. A comparison to German, which possesses the source but not the target use of gehen (go), highlights the distinction between change potential and actual change.

Keywords:   going to future, will future, reanalysis, tense, aspect, conditionals, actualization

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