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The Information Society and the Welfare StateThe Finnish Model$
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Manuel Castells and Pekka Himanen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256990

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256990.001.0001

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Conclusion II

Conclusion II

Learning from Finland

(p.166) Chapter 9 Conclusion II
The Information Society and the Welfare State

Manuel Castells

Pekka Himanen

Oxford University Press

The chapter enumerates several lessons that other countries can learn from the development experiences of Finland. The country's welfare state compliments its information society. Another lesson is that flexibility with work and smooth industrial relations are caused by cooperation between businesses and the welfare state. Third, Finland's has a main role in guiding the economic development of the country and molding the information society. Its citizens are oriented towards a strong national sentiment and a sense of identity. It also has utilized hackers in private and public firms in order to provide creativity and innovation in the industries. Finland has not been a rich state for several decades; it has also been on an equal footing with other less developed nations in the past.

Keywords:   Finland, information society, welfare state, businesses, industrial relations, economic development, hackers, national sentiment, sense of identity

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