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Expression in SpeechAnalysis and Synthesis$
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Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.001.0001

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The Speech Technology Perspective

The Speech Technology Perspective

Chapter:
(p.236) Chapter 11 The Speech Technology Perspective
Source:
Expression in Speech
Author(s):

Mark Tatham (Contributor Webpage)

Katherine Morton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0012

This chapter describes a variety of current synthesis systems, including formant and concatenative systems, and the problems associated with unit selection. The success of these systems is discussed in terms of the standard parameterizable features of speech: acoustic formants, amplitude, timing and rate, fundamental frequency, etc. The cognitive constructs to which the physical parameters are related are described: voice quality, loudness, rhythm, duration, and pitch. Variability in speech, the obverse process, and automatic speech recognition are also discussed.

Keywords:   formant, concatenative, unit selection, speech parameters, timing, duration, variability, amplitude, loudness, fundamental frequency

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