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Japan's Fiscal CrisisThe Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000$
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Maurice Wright

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.001.0001

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Administrative Reform

Administrative Reform

(p.53) 4 Administrative Reform
Japan's Fiscal Crisis

Maurice Wright

Oxford University Press

The fiscal crisis experienced in Japan from the mid-1970s gave rise to a broadly based campaign of administrative reform associated with the work of the Second Provisional Commission for Administrative Reform, launched in 1981. This chapter assesses the extent to which the administrative reform movement in the 1980s changed the administrative context within which the central budgetary system was operated in Japan. It also examines the re-emergence in the 1990s of administrative reform as a political issue on the agenda of successive coalition governments, together with the broadening of the reform agenda in Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto's six ‘visions’. The chapter argues that the conditions of persistent fiscal crisis in the 1980s did not act as a catalyst for a radical re-conceptualization of the role and purpose of the public sector in Japan comparable to that which occurred elsewhere in other G7 countries at that time, and explains why its structure and organization remained relatively unchanged throughout the last quarter of the 20th century.

Keywords:   Japan, fiscal crisis, administrative reform, central budgetary system, Ryutaro Hashimoto, public sector, Ministry of Finance, fiscal reconstruction

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