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Japan's Fiscal CrisisThe Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000$
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Maurice Wright

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.001.0001

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Winning and Losing in the FILP Budget

Winning and Losing in the FILP Budget

(p.461) 24 Winning and Losing in the FILP Budget
Japan's Fiscal Crisis

Maurice Wright

Oxford University Press

Analysis of Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP) Budget outputs is beset with definitional traps and methodological hazards. The FILP Budget can be, and is, defined gross budget or net budget. The gross budget included all expenditures for whatever purpose attributed to FILP and financed through deposits, mainly with the Trust Fund Bureau Fund and the Postal Life Insurance Fund. By contrast, the net budget included only those funds used to finance the investments and loans of the FILP agencies. FILP investments and loans to eligible agencies were classified into thirteen policy areas which the Ministry of Finance reported annually to the Diet. This chapter distinguishes those definitions and budget bases in an examination of the trends of the aggregate budget outputs, and shows their allocation and distribution, organizationally, among FILP agencies and, functionally, among broad policy areas. The issue of the extent to which the FILP Budget supported industrial and technological development, despite the reorientation of national objectives to give greater weight to social and environmental objectives, is examined.

Keywords:   Fiscal Investment Loan Programme, budget, budget outputs, gross budget, net budget, investments, loans, policy areas

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