Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2019

Tax or offering?

Tax or offering?

Chapter:
(p.79) 4 Tax or offering?
Source:
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792
Author(s):

Richard Butterwick

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0005

Some of the hardest fought debates of the Four Years' Sejm concerned the taxation of the clergy. After a period of preparation for battle, especially by the episcopate, three sessions between 12 and 16 March 1789 were needed to establish that the clergy would pay 20 per cent of their income, euphemistically described as an ‘offering’, in addition to their existing commitments. The bishops capitulated only when threatened with an arbitrary imposition. The details of the clerical contribution took up five more sessions, before the sejm euphorically acclaimed an ‘offering’ of 10 per cent from noble lands on 26 March. These debates reveal rhetorical and procedural strategies used to induce or delay decisions, and a rich seam of noble expectations of the clergy. The chapter also considers the implementation of the clerical and noble ‘offerings’ and the controversies over the alleged transfer of the burden to the enserfed peasantry.

Keywords:   Four Years' Sejm, taxation, rhetoric, sovereignty, clergy, nobility, peasants, bishops, Wojciech Suchodolski, Jacek Jezierski

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .