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The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTATowards a Common Law of International Trade?$
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J. H. H. Weiler

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248124

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.001.0001

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EC External Commercial Policy after Amsterdam: Authority and Interpretation within Interconnected Legal Orders

EC External Commercial Policy after Amsterdam: Authority and Interpretation within Interconnected Legal Orders

Chapter:
(p.5) 2 EC External Commercial Policy after Amsterdam: Authority and Interpretation within Interconnected Legal Orders
Source:
The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA
Author(s):

MARISE CREMONA

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.003.0002

The ‘multi-dimensional configuration of authority’ within the European Union (EU) is not only a result of the trend towards differentiated integration, but also a feature of a system that depends on an interaction between Community and national legal orders and international sources of rights and obligations. This chapter examines who, in such as multi-layered authority structure, has the primary responsibility for determining the scope and the content of the external policy of the European Community (EC) and defining the scope and content of its international obligations. It addresses this question in the context of the Treaty of Amsterdam and in the limited sphere of external commercial policy. It is not merely that the conclusion of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreements faced the EC with awkward competence and legal base questions. The creation of the WTO is one aspect of a dynamic in the broadening and deepening of international trade and economic relations, involving the EU in debates and initiatives which go far beyond traditional tariff negotiations.

Keywords:   Treaty of Amsterdam, European Community, commercial policy, legal order, international trade, economic relations

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