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Freedom and Belief$
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Galen Strawson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199247493

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.001.0001

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The Spectator Subject and Integration

The Spectator Subject and Integration

(p.203) 12 The Spectator Subject and Integration
Freedom and Belief

Galen Strawson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The Spectator Subject, or Theoria, is a self-conscious, self-moving purposive agent. She fulfils all the basic Structural S conditions on free agenthood introduced in Chapter 7. But she does not appear to be a free agent, on account of the peculiarity of her sense of self, and, in particular, the peculiarity of her attitude to her desires and herself as an agent. She resembles Camus's étranger; she is somehow disengaged from life, including her own. When she alludes to one of his own desires, it's as if she is recounting a fact about a feature of the world extraneous to her; for she seems to be just the detached reporting self. The Spectator Subject suggests a further condition on freedom. One must not be detached in the way she is. One must be ‘Integrated’ or engaged. One must fulfill the Integration Condition. This is an Attitudinal condition on freedom, not a Structural condition.

Keywords:   Spectator Subject, Theoria, Attitudinal condition, Camus, Integration Condition, Structural condition

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