This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. This study has assessed the nature of the relationship between Gaelic Scotland and Gaelic Ireland during the late medieval period, and especially in the ways in which that relationship was perceived and understood by Scottish and Irish Gaeldom. Due to limitations of the sources, a cloudy picture emerges, and at times the evidence is contradictory if not paradoxical. The accepted framework of the Gaelic ‘culture-province’ seems distinctly unsatisfying in many respects. The cultural connections between the two parts of the Gaelic world are extremely significant, and worked to tie Gaelic Scotland and Gaelic Ireland closely together. However, the idea of ‘Gaeldom’ as some seamless web does not survive analysis, for the evidence across the range of cultural activity suggests that Ireland was systematically dominant, and that Gaelic Scotland looked to Ireland much more than vice versa.
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