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Behind the Berlin WallEast Germany and the Frontiers of Power$
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Patrick Major

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243280

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.001.0001

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The Fall of the Wall: 9 November 1989

The Fall of the Wall: 9 November 1989

Chapter:
(p.227) 8 The Fall of the Wall: 9 November 1989
Source:
Behind the Berlin Wall
Author(s):

Patrick Major (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.003.0008

Synthesizes work on the collapse of the GDR in the fateful year of 1989, comparing economic dissatisfaction with the reform impulse given by perestroika coming from the Soviet Union. The opening of the iron curtain by Hungary in May 1989 leads to detailed reconstruction of the internal pressures on the police's travel visa departments, as citizens became ever more demanding, against the background of embassy occupations in neighbouring eastern bloc states. Liberal use is made of the reports coming to Egon Krenz, the party's Security secretary, during the hot autumn of 1989 to give a view of the embattled regime from within and its attempts to relax travel restrictions without losing political control overall. The chapter concludes with a recognition of the harmful effects for the citizens' movement of the continuing exodus to the Federal Republic, following the fall of the Wall on 9 November.

Keywords:   fall of the Wall, perestroika, embassy occupations, demonstrations

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