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War and UnderdevelopmentVolume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict$
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Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.001.0001

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Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches

Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches

Chapter:
(p.168) 7 Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches
Source:
War and Underdevelopment
Author(s):

Frances Stewart

Emma Samman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0007

Food aid was initially intended as an instrument of development aid. In recent years, however, it has increasingly been used as part of emergency relief, with many of these emergencies originating from violent conflicts. For convenience, this chapter terms conflict-related food aid, CONFAID; and development-related food aid, DEVFAID. CONFAID needs to be considered from three perspectives: its ‘humanitarian’, ‘economic’, and ‘political economy’ roles. The chapter approaches the issue first by a consideration of the role of CONFAID in three countries ravaged by civil war – Sudan, Mozambique, and Afghanistan – exploring in each case the impact of CONFAID in humanitarian, political economy, and economic dimensions. It then draws some general lessons, drawing on the three examples, and finally discusses some policy implications stemming from the analysis.

Keywords:   food aid, development aid, emergency relief, Sudan, Mozambique, Afghanistan, political economy, civil war, economic aspects, humanitarian aspects

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