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War and UnderdevelopmentVolume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict$
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Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.001.0001

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An Overview of the Case Studies

An Overview of the Case Studies

(p.104) 5 An Overview of the Case Studies
War and Underdevelopment

Valpy FitzGerald

Frances Stewart

Michael Wang

Oxford University Press

To understand exactly how various economic and political processes condition the costs of war, and how economies actually operate under conflict, in-depth studies at the country level are essential. This chapter provides an overview of these studies and draws some tentative conclusions. They include four countries in Africa – Mozambique, Sudan, Sierra Leone, and Uganda; two in Asia – Afghanistan and Sri Lanka; and one in Latin America – Nicaragua. The nature of the war pursued, including its duration and magnitude, coupled with the economic conditions prevailing at the start of conflict, substantially affected the human costs generated by warfare. The chapter begins by summarising the individual experiences of war for each of the country studies; presents some comparative data on country performance at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels; and discusses the factors explaining the considerable variation in the costs of war in this sample of countries.

Keywords:   costs of war, Mozambique, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Nicaragua, human costs, warfare

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