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Information Technology PolicyAn International History$
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Richard Coopey

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.001.0001

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The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

Chapter:
(p.54) 3 The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States
Source:
Information Technology Policy
Author(s):

William Aspray

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There is no direct worker policy that mandates how many workers of various types need to be trained. Instead, policy about the supply of IT workers is vested in other kinds of policy: national research output, education, defence, social welfare, immigration, national economic competitiveness, and taxation. Concerns about the national supply of IT workers is tied directly to scientific research and higher education policy, and these are the topics that are investigated most extensively in this chapter. Both the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Academies of Science and Engineering have been key players in this.

Keywords:   IT workers, National Science Foundation, higher education, Sputnik era, computer science, government policy

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