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Information Technology PolicyAn International History$
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Richard Coopey

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.001.0001

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Information Technology Policy in the USSR and Ukraine: Achievement and Failures

Information Technology Policy in the USSR and Ukraine: Achievement and Failures

Chapter:
(p.304) 13 Information Technology Policy in the USSR and Ukraine: Achievement and Failures
Source:
Information Technology Policy
Author(s):

Boris Malinovsky

Lev Malinovsky

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0013

By the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union had one of the world's leading computer industries. At the end of the 1960s, the possibility of merging the USSR's scientific and industrial potential with that of Western European countries was proposed by British computer company ICL. This mutual effort was aimed at helping Europe outpace the United States in the field of fourth-generation computers. Prominent USSR computer scientists approved the idea, but in 1970, the Soviet government decided to cease contact with ICL and adopt the American IBM-360 system (without US permission) as an industry model. This was huge mistake with dramatic consequences. The system soon became obsolete and the Soviet Union went from being a computer leader in the 1950s and 1960s, to being an outsider in the computer industry.

Keywords:   Soviet Union, computer industry, IT policy, Ukraine, IBM-360 system, ICL

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