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Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2Society, Institutions, and Development$
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Kaushik Basu and Ravi Kanbur

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199239979

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.001.0001

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Challenges Of Economic Development In Punjab †

Challenges Of Economic Development In Punjab †

Chapter:
(p.303) Chapter 16 Challenges Of Economic Development In Punjab
Source:
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2
Author(s):

Isher Ahluwalia

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0017

It is believed commonly in India that states such as Punjab, which have largely eliminated income poverty, are on track to achieving sustainable increases in the quality of life of their residents. Yet, despite the high income levels and low income-poverty, Punjab faces serious challenges on the human development front, arising principally from weak and malfunctioning public systems of delivery of education and health, and a deplorable record on gender discrimination. Punjab has suffered a setback in economic growth over the past two decades. The prospects for further economic growth driven by agriculture are severely limited by the erosion of natural resources. The rising fiscal deficits have constrained the ability of the state to spend more on health and education, while the deterioration in governance has weakened the public systems of delivery. With faltering growth and limited ability to develop human capital, the challenges of economic development are formidable.

Keywords:   economic growth, human development, gender discrimination, public service delivery, governance

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