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The Typology of Semantic Alignment$
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Mark Donohue and Søren Wichmann

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199238385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.001.0001

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Intransitive split in Tundra Nenets, or how much semantics can hide behind syntactic alignment

Intransitive split in Tundra Nenets, or how much semantics can hide behind syntactic alignment

Chapter:
(p.162) 7 Intransitive split in Tundra Nenets, or how much semantics can hide behind syntactic alignment
Source:
The Typology of Semantic Alignment
Author(s):

Olesya Khanina

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0007

This chapter investigates whether Basque's case-marking pattern is ergative or semantically-based. While Eastern and Central dialects can be considered to have a loose ergative alignment, Western dialects have a semantic alignment based on the contrast patient/non-patient. Historical data suggest that Modern Eastern Basque best conserves the original system.

Keywords:   semantic case-marking, patientivity, loose ergativity, strict ergativity, antipassive

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