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The Typology of Semantic Alignment$
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Mark Donohue and Søren Wichmann

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199238385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.001.0001

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Why are stative‐active languages rare in Eurasia? A typological perspective on split‐subject marking

Why are stative‐active languages rare in Eurasia? A typological perspective on split‐subject marking

Chapter:
(p.121) 5 Why are stative‐active languages rare in Eurasia? A typological perspective on split‐subject marking
Source:
The Typology of Semantic Alignment
Author(s):

Johanna Nichols

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0005

This chapter presents a lexical typological study of argument encoding for selected verb glosses across selected languages of Eurasia, the Pacific, and the Americas. Plotting the percentages of A- vs. O-coded Ss for the sample yields a continuum where ergative and accusative languages cluster towards opposite extremes and languages normally classified as semantically aligned fall in between.

Keywords:   lexical typology, alignment, continuum, primary objects, secondary objects, oblique experiencer

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