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Rebuilding War-Torn StatesThe Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction$
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Graciana del Castillo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199237739

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.001.0001

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Definitions and characteristics

Definitions and characteristics

Chapter:
(p.29) 3 Definitions and characteristics
Source:
Rebuilding War-Torn States
Author(s):

Graciana del Castillo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0004

The book uses the term ‘economic reconstruction’ in a broad sense to include not only rehabilitation of basic services and rebuilding of physical and human infrastructure, but also the stabilization and structural reform policies, as well as the microeconomic foundations required to create a market economy and reactivate investment and broad-based growth. This chapter argues that countries in reconstruction do indeed share a number of characteristics with countries in the process of normal development but such similarities should not lead to their conflation. The chapter discusses how policymaking in countries coming out of crisis — whether conflict, natural disasters, or financial chaos — differs from policymaking under normal development. Since countries coming out of war have a high risk of relapsing into conflict, the chapter also argues that it may be more effective to use scarce resources in the few countries undergoing reconstruction than in preventive diplomacy across the world.

Keywords:   rehabilitation, rebuilding, infrastructure, basic services, stabilization, structural reform, financial crises, natural disasters, normal development, preventive diplomacy

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