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Rebuilding War-Torn StatesThe Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction$
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Graciana del Castillo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199237739

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.001.0001

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Features of recent transitions

Features of recent transitions

(p.9) 1 Features of recent transitions
Rebuilding War-Torn States

Graciana del Castillo

Oxford University Press

Despite some common features, each war-to-peace transition is distinct, owing to the specific interplay of a number of factors. These include the circumstances in which conflict or chaos began — for example, internal strife, regional conflict, ethnic rivalries, or control over natural resources — and whether peace was reached through negotiation or through military intervention. Other factors include the extent of international financial and technical assistance, and the number of international troops and police that the country could obtain, given its strategic or regional importance vis-à-vis donors and troop-contributors. This chapter also analyzes the move from the military-civilian UN-led operations in the 1990s — Namibia, Cambodia, El Salvador, Mozambique, Guatemala, and Haiti — to the mid-1990s when human tragedies in Rwanda, Bosnia, and Kosovo led to military interventions with UN support. Following September 11, the United States led military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq, with the UN's role clearly diminishing and becoming secondary.

Keywords:   war-to-peace transition, chaos, military intervention, natural resources, September 11, Cambodia, Mozambique, Haiti, Rwanda, Bosnia, UN-led operations

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