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The HIV PandemicLocal and Global Implications$
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Eduard J. Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W. Whiteside, and José M. Zuniga

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199237401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2019

The UN response to the HIV pandemic

The UN response to the HIV pandemic

Chapter:
(p.593) Chapter 40 The UN response to the HIV pandemic
Source:
The HIV Pandemic
Author(s):

Eric van Praag

Karl L Dehne

Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0040

This chapter examines the historical aspects of the AIDS policy debate within the UN family. It first shows that international AIDS policy has evolved, as had the public health policies earlier on, from an emphasis on individual risks and targeted behavioural interventions towards addressing the societal-level determinants of the epidemic. This section also shows that international AIDS policies and strategies have changed from an early emphasis on disease control to the promotion of community development, only to swing back later to a biomedical model that embraces new disease control elements such as rapid testing and antiretroviral treatment. Conceptual differences and developments within and between programmes and agencies in intervention approaches are highlighted to describe further the evolution within the UN community of a balanced HIV response addressing issues like vulnerability and stigma while at the same time scaling up access to effective therapies within strengthened health systems.

Keywords:   UN response, international AIDS policy, public health policies, individual risks, societal-response, community development

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