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Industrial Policy and DevelopmentThe Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation$
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Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, and Joseph E. Stiglitz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199235261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.001.0001

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The Roles of Research at Universities and Public Labs in Economic Catch‐Up

The Roles of Research at Universities and Public Labs in Economic Catch‐Up

Chapter:
(p.378) 14 The Roles of Research at Universities and Public Labs in Economic Catch‐Up
Source:
Industrial Policy and Development
Author(s):

Roberto Mazzoleni

Richard R. Nelson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.003.0014

This chapter draws upon historical evidence from several countries and contemporary studies of national innovation systems to argue that indigenous systems of academic training and public research have been, in the past, important elements of the institutional structures supporting a country's economic catch-up. Recent changes in the international economic environment and the growing scientific basis for contemporary technologies will make those systems even more important in the future. The contributions of universities and public labs to the development of indigenous technological capabilities have taken different forms in different countries and economic sectors. However, in contrast with current emphasis on university-based embryonic inventions and fundamental research, effective research programs have predominantly occurred in the application-oriented sciences and engineering, and have been oriented towards problem-solving and the advancement of technologies of interest to a well-defined user-community.

Keywords:   catch-up, public research, indigenous technological capabilities, economic environment

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