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China's Telecommunications Revolution$
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Eric Harwit

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233748

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233748.001.0001

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China's Telecommunications History and Policy Trajectory

China's Telecommunications History and Policy Trajectory

(p.18) 2 China's Telecommunications History and Policy Trajectory
China's Telecommunications Revolution

Eric Harwit (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by putting the Chinese case in the context of telecommunications development trajectories. It briefly considers policies in other countries where growth was in many cases slower, and where government intervention (except in the cases of Japan and South Korea) was less effective. It then examines historical development in the Chinese sector from the Qing dynasty to the beginning of the reform era, ones that set the stage for effective industrial policy beginning in the early 1980s. The chapter then turns to the post-1976 reform period in China, and chronicles the ways the government developed policies to foster the industry. It discusses policies employed that were strikingly similar to those seen in Japan during the 1950s and 1960s: favourable grants and loans, effective tax policies, shielding of the sector from international competition, and other strategies that encouraged the industry to rapidly expand.

Keywords:   investment policies, mass communication, policy trajectory, Qing dynasty, Republican era, tax policies, telegraph, Japan

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