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Expelling the GermansBritish Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context$
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Matthew Frank

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233649

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.001.0001

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Frankfurt‐on‐Wye/Monmouth an der Oder

Frankfurt‐on‐Wye/Monmouth an der Oder

Population Transfer before the Second World War

Chapter:
(p.13) 1 Frankfurt‐on‐Wye/Monmouth an der Oder
Source:
Expelling the Germans
Author(s):

Matthew Frank (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0002

This chapter demonstrates how British adherence to the principle of population transfer predated the Second World War. The origins of the concept as well as various proposals and attempts to put population transfers into practice in the 1920s and 1930s are examined. It shows how largely owing to the perceived success of the Greco-Turkish population exchange, as well as the recurring political crises in 1930s Europe, invariably involving German minorities, compulsory population transfer went from being regarded as an ‘Asiatic abomination’ by British policy-makers and observers of the European scene to being a rational and progressive choice of last resort where intractable minority problems were concerned. The interwar period also shows, however, that with increasing acceptance of population transfer in principle came an awareness of the difficulties of putting this principle into practice.

Keywords:   Greco-Turkish, population exchange, German minorities, minority problems, interwar, principle, practice

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