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Public Employment Services and European Law$
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Mark Freedland FBA, Paul Craig QC FBA, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233489

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.001.0001

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Changing Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks for Job Intermediation

Changing Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks for Job Intermediation

(p.133) 5 Changing Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks for Job Intermediation
Public Employment Services and European Law

Mark Freedland

Paul Craig (Contributor Webpage)

Catherine Jacqueson

Nicola Kountouris

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by postulating the key suggestions that there is a visible trend towards the ‘marketization’ of employment services. By that is meant a process leading towards the ‘semi-privatization’ and the ‘economization’ of their organization, activities, and actual service delivery. This process is composed of a series of observable trends and in particular (i) private employment services increasingly perceived as providers of a public service; (ii) public employment services activities increasingly confined to the placement of the ‘hard-to-place’; (iii) private employment services increasingly specialising in ‘upmarket’ ‘facilitative’ intermediation; but also (iv) private employment services expanding in ‘transactive’ (and often ‘multilateral’) intermediation of middle/low skill manual and clerical labour. The investigation suggests that the latest evolutionary trend in this development consists in (v) private employment services acting as outsourced operators of public employment services or Governments for the ‘hard-to-place’, as suggested by the Employment Zones experiment in the UK.

Keywords:   marketization, semi-privatization, economization, outsourcing, hard-to-place

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