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Public Employment Services and European Law$
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Mark Freedland FBA, Paul Craig QC FBA, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233489

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.001.0001

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Employment Services as a Public Service

Employment Services as a Public Service

(p.101) 4 Employment Services as a Public Service
Public Employment Services and European Law

Mark Freedland

Paul Craig (Contributor Webpage)

Catherine Jacqueson

Nicola Kountouris

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a historical and comparative examination of employment services in the light of their ‘public service’ nature and vocation as developed through the 20th century. It also provides a reasoned taxonomy of the various activities and functions performed by public employment services in Europe, and in particular of job-intermediation, unemployment benefit management, skills formation, the provision of active labour market policies, and the management of ‘making work pay’ initiatives. This is followed by an analysis of the various modes by which PES have been providing their services, ranging from public monopoly arrangements to public-private coexistence systems, to market and quasi-market systems. It is argued that in recent years, and particularly with the demise of monopolistic regimes, the role of private employment services as providers of employment services has been bolstered just as the relevance of PES has progressively faced a decline and reconfiguration.

Keywords:   employment services history, job-intermediation, training, active labour market policies, unemployment benefits, making work pay, public monopoly, coexistence systems, market and quasi-market systems

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