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Public Employment Services and European Law$
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Mark Freedland FBA, Paul Craig QC FBA, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233489

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.001.0001

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Modes of Governance and Regulatory Techniques

Modes of Governance and Regulatory Techniques

(p.83) 3 Modes of Governance and Regulatory Techniques
Public Employment Services and European Law

Mark Freedland

Paul Craig (Contributor Webpage)

Catherine Jacqueson

Nicola Kountouris

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the various instruments that shape and regulate public services in Europe, with a particular focus on those instruments affecting social public services and employment services. It is suggested that public services, and employment services in particular, are placed in the midst of an extremely complex regulatory web composed by both traditional, hard law, instruments and by more reflexive and soft forms of regulation, ranging from policy Guidelines elaborated within the OMC framework, to funding arrangements provided by the European Social Fund. Crucially, this regulatory web is both woven at a supranational level and at a national and, sometimes, sub-national level and is inspired by both social and economic concerns. A visible trend is the growing role played by private and contractual modes of regulation, most obviously in the relationship between public services, private contractors/providers, and individual users.

Keywords:   regulation, hard law, soft law, Community Method, Open Method of Coordination, European Social Fund, public-private-partnerships

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