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Placing Modern GreeceThe Dynamics of Romantic Hellenism, 1770-1840$
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Constanze Guthenke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199231850

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231850.001.0001

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Nature in Arms: German Philhellenism, its Literature, and the Greek War of Independence

Nature in Arms: German Philhellenism, its Literature, and the Greek War of Independence

Chapter:
(p.93) 3 Nature in Arms: German Philhellenism, its Literature, and the Greek War of Independence
Source:
Placing Modern Greece
Author(s):

Constanze Güthenke (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231850.003.0004

One of the guiding questions of this study is whether a change took place in the representation of the Greek land with the emergence of the Greek nation state. This chapter looks at the strategies that politicize Greek nature and make it relevant to a German context after the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence in 1821. Greece was declared different from other national movements, and, according to the Romantic correspondence with nature, it was not the Greeks but Greek nature that liberated itself, enhancing its special position. The same imagery allowed for reflection on the German poetic voice and its standpoint in a politically conservative climate. One of the most prominent textual strategies is the use and notion of folk song. The main textual body is the popular poetry of Wilhelm Müller, supplemented with material from political pamphlets and geographical accounts.

Keywords:   folk song, Greek War of Independence, liberation, Wilhelm Müller, nation state, Philhellenism, politicized nature

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