This chapter discusses the attempt to create a link between embodied communication and psychological and philosophical theories of metacognition. To establish this link a general definition of metacognition is provided, which covers not only assessing and monitoring the cognitive adequacy of one's own information processing performance, but also assessing and monitoring one's conversational adequacy. It discusses the importance of studying a variety of gestures specialising in conversational metacognition — drawing on empirical research on gestures, on the psychology of action, on general pragmatics, on social cognition, and on the philosophy of biology. The chapter ends with discussing the implications of the proposal for conceptualising cooperation and defection.
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