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The Earls of MerciaLordship and Power in Late Anglo-Saxon England$
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Stephen Baxter

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199230983

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230983.001.0001

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Conclusions: The Fall of the House of Leofwine, 1066–1071

Conclusions: The Fall of the House of Leofwine, 1066–1071

Chapter:
(p.270) 7 Conclusions: The Fall of the House of Leofwine, 1066–1071
Source:
The Earls of Mercia
Author(s):

Stephen Baxter (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230983.003.0007

This chapter describes the events which led to the fall of the house of Leofwine. It also concludes the book's treatment of the power of earls by showing how Eadwine and Morcar were deprived of it between 1066 and 1071. They lacked influence at the Conqueror's court; their political alliances were smashed; they gradually lost their ability to exercise meaningful power in the shires and towns which lay within their earldoms; they were forced to cede territory and property to the Conqueror's followers; their family's network of religious patronage fell apart; and they proved unable to provide good lordship to their men. In short, all of the power structures which had supported the house of Leofwine between 994 and 1066 buckled and collapsed during the first five years of the Conqueror's reign, and this explains why the house itself eventually fell.

Keywords:   Eadwine, Morcar, William the Conqueror, Norman Conquest, power structures, religious patronage, court politics, lordship, political alliances, shires

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