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In two minds: Dual processes and beyond - Oxford Scholarship Online
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In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Jonathan Evans and Keith Frankish


This book explores the idea that we have two minds – one being automatic, unconscious, and fast, the other controlled, conscious, and slow. In recent years, there has been great interest in so-called dual-process theories of reasoning and rationality. According to such theories, there are two distinct systems underlying human reasoning: an evolutionarily old system that is associative, automatic, unconscious, parallel, and fast; and a more recent, distinctively human system which is rule-based, controlled, conscious, serial, and slow. Within the former, processes are held to be innate and to u ... More

Keywords: two minds, automatic mind, unconscious mind, conscious mind, slow mind, dual-process theories, reasoning, rationality, human system

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780199230167
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jonathan Evans, editor
Professor of Cognitive Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK

Keith Frankish, editor
Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK

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Chapter 1 The duality of mind: An historical perspective

Keith Frankish, and Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

Part 1 Foundations

Part 2 Perspectives

Chapter 7 Intuitive and reflective inferences

Hugo Mercier, and Dan Sperber

Chapter 11 The two systems of learning: An architectural perspective

Ron Sun, Sean M. Lane, and Robert C. Mathews

Part 3 Applications

Chapter 14 In two minds about rationality?

Clare Saunders, and David E. Over

End Matter