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The Universal ForceGravity - Creator of Worlds$
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Louis Girifalco

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199228966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.001.0001

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The giants

The giants

(p.20) 2 The giants
The Universal Force

Louis A. Girifalco

Oxford University Press

Newton truly did stand on the shoulders of giants whose work prepared the way for modern science. For astronomy and gravity, these were Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler. Their individual characters and idiosyncrasies were essential forces that drove their studies. Their work progressed from a geocentric system in which all heavenly bodies circled the Earth to a heliocentric system in which the planets went around the Sun. The consequences for science, religion, politics, and philosophy were cataclysmic.

Keywords:   Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho, Kepler, geocentric, heliocentric

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