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On the Law of PeacePeace Agreements and the Lex Pacificatoria$
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Christine Bell

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226832.001.0001

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The Contemporary Peace Agreement

The Contemporary Peace Agreement

(p.105) 5 The Contemporary Peace Agreement
On the Law of Peace

Christine Bell

Oxford University Press

This chapter sets out a common substance to contemporary framework peace agreements. The centre-piece of peace agreements is the provision they make for the holding and exercising of political power. Peace agreements across conflicts evidence strikingly similar arrangements and devices for accommodating the competing demands of the conflict's protagonists. An analytical conceptualization of the common peace agreement framework with respect to how power is to be held and exercised, is provided. In general terms, peace agreements attempt conflict resolution by (i) redefining the state; (ii) disaggregating power; and (iii) dislocating power. The chapter illustrates the analytical framework with reference to a varied range of conflict types rather boldly suggesting that virtually all peace agreements reaching the framework stage — and many more proposals for resolution — exhibit this common framework, completely or in substantial part.

Keywords:   constitutional settlement, disaggregation of power, state redefinition, dislocation of power, Bougainville, Northern Ireland, Burundi, Mozambique, El Salvador, Nepal

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