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Guarantee of PeaceThe League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925$
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Peter J. Yearwood

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226733

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.001.0001

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‘In Default of an Immediate Realization of a True League of Nations’

‘In Default of an Immediate Realization of a True League of Nations’

The First Years of the League, 1919–1921

Chapter:
(p.138) 4 ‘In Default of an Immediate Realization of a True League of Nations’
Source:
Guarantee of Peace
Author(s):

Peter J. Yearwood

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.003.0005

After American rejection of the Covenant, which London could not influence, the League was overshadowed by the Allied Supreme Council which tackled the main post‐war issues. The British supported the Canadian attempt to delete article 10 (the territorial guarantee) but this was not seen as an important issue. Nor was the elaboration of procedures for sanctions under article 16 (the guarantee of peace) through the nineteen resolutions of 1921. Lord Curzon succeeded Balfour as Foreign Secretary. Rejecting balance of power politics, he valued the League as embodying moral principles in the conduct of international affairs. The League was involved in the resolution of several crises including Armenia (1920), North Persia (1920), Vilna (1920–3), Upper Silesia (1921), and Albania (1921). Its record was mixed. Meanwhile, Cecil, aiming to replace Lloyd George with a high‐minded coalition under Grey, turned the League of Nations Union into a significant force in British politics.

Keywords:   American rejection of the League, article 10, article 16, Lord Curzon, Armenia, Persia, Vilna, Upper Silesia, Albania, League of Nations Union

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