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Guarantee of PeaceThe League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925$
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Peter J. Yearwood

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226733

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.001.0001

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‘The Key to the Peace was the Guarantee of the Peace’

‘The Key to the Peace was the Guarantee of the Peace’

The Creation of the League, 1918–1919

(p.88) 3 ‘The Key to the Peace was the Guarantee of the Peace’
Guarantee of Peace

Peter J. Yearwood

Oxford University Press

At the Paris peace conference the British and Americans worked together in drafting the Covenant, which was largely based on the Phillimore plans. This was intended to be a precedent for Anglo‐American cooperation throughout the conference and beyond. Wilson and Lloyd George came to share a vision of peace based on justice. Recognizing that the great power balance had broken down in Europe, London looked to the creation of smaller nation‐states under a league guarantee. Wilson and Cecil, who was effectively in charge of the British side of the negotiations despite his resignation from the government, envisaged a political rather than judicial body dominated by the major powers. The council would be the key element. They were also agreed in rejecting the proposals of the French delegate Léon Bourgeois which would have turned the league into an effective military institution.

Keywords:   Paris peace conference, League Covenant, nation‐states, League Council, Léon Bourgeois

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