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The Law of Organized ReligionsBetween Establishment and Secularism$
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Julian Rivers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226108.001.0001

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The Changing Law of Church and State

The Changing Law of Church and State

(p.1) 1 The Changing Law of Church and State
The Law of Organized Religions

Julian Rivers

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides an overview of the legal history of church-state relations in England and Wales from Roman times to the 20th century. It focuses in particular on those aspects of the law which have left their mark on current arrangements. The period until the final attempt to secure uniformity in public worship in the 1660s is therefore dealt with relatively briefly. Instead, the chapter focuses on the legal incidents of toleration after 1689, and the rapid shift to religious pluralism from the 1830s to the 1870s. Late 19th- and early 20th-century developments are characterized in terms of four themes: the extension of legality to all religions and none, the separation of religious and public services, growing autonomy of established churches, and an emphasis on individual conscience.

Keywords:   legal history, church-state relations, public worship, toleration, pluralism, conscience

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