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The History of British Birds$
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Derek Yalden and Umberto Albarella

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199217519

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.001.0001

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Monks, monarchs, and mysteries

Monks, monarchs, and mysteries

(p.115) 6 Monks, monarchs, and mysteries
The History of British Birds

D. W. Yalden

U. Albarella

Oxford University Press

The Anglo-Saxons, settling after the Romans left in 410 AD, provided most of the place-names in England, many of which involve bird names, and exploited domestic fowl and goose extensively, but also continued to exploit wildfowl and waders. Falconry (hawking) began with them, and became much more important after the Norman conquest in 1066; hawk's nests are noted in the Domesday Book of 1086, and high status is indicated by remains of the prey they caught, such as crane and bittern, at important castles, palaces, and abbeys. Goshawk and peregrine were the most important hunters, despite the fiction implied by The Boke of St Albans. Cranes and white-tailed eagles remained common through this period, but capercaillie became increasingly scarce.

Keywords:   falconry, crane, goshawk, peregrine, white-tailed eagle, capercaillie

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