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Symbols and EmbodimentDebates on meaning and cognition$
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Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg, and Arthur Graesser

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199217274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.001.0001

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Language and simulation in conceptual processing

Language and simulation in conceptual processing

(p.245) Chapter 13 Language and simulation in conceptual processing
Symbols and Embodiment

Lawrence W Barsalou

Ava Santos

W Kyle Simmons

Christine D Wilson

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains that multiple systems represent knowledge. It focuses on two resources of knowledge, believed to have strong empirical support — linguistic forms in the brain's language systems, and situated simulations in the brain's modal systems. Although this chapter focuses on two sources of knowledge, it does not exclude the possibility that other types are important as well. It argues that statistical representations play central roles throughout the brain, and that they underlie linguistic forms and situated simulations. It examines linguistic and modal approaches to the representation of knowledge. It proposes the language and situated simulation (LASS) theory as a preliminary framework for integrating these approaches. It then explores the evidence for the LASS theory, including evidence for dual code theory, Glaser's (1922) revision of dual code theory or the lexical hypothesis, evidence from the laboratories.

Keywords:   simulation, conceptual processing, brain, knowledge, language systems, modal systems, language and situated simulation theory, dual code theory, lexical hypothesis

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