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Natural Signs and Knowledge of GodA New Look at Theistic Arguments$
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C. Stephen Evans

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199217168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001

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Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

(p.149) 6 Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?
Natural Signs and Knowledge of God

C. Stephen Evans (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 concludes that the natural signs of God provide prima facie evidence of God's existence and even, for people in some epistemic positions, makes belief in God reasonable. While the signs are not conclusive for all people and fall short of the kind of belief needed for a robust theism, they can still serve to discomfort the dogmatic naturalist and bolster the uncertain believer. Toward this conclusion, the chapter argues for the reasonableness of the Pascalian constraints present in the Wide Accessibility and Easy Resistibility principles, as contrasted with the rival perspective implicit in the work of John Schellenberg. It also rebuts a Kantian objection to the natural signs, and argues that any epistemological stance (whether internalist or externalist) sufficient to avoid general skepticism is also sufficient to make a strong case that the natural signs for God do provide genuine evidence for God's reality.

Keywords:   Pascalian constraints, theodicy, basic beliefs, epistemic justification, internalists, externalists, evidentialism, principle of credulity, thin theism, John Schellenberg

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