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Personal AgencyThe Metaphysics of Mind and Action$
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E. J. Lowe

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199217144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.001.0001

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Needs, Facts, Goodness, and Truth

Needs, Facts, Goodness, and Truth

Chapter:
(p.199) 10 Needs, Facts, Goodness, and Truth
Source:
Personal Agency
Author(s):

E. J. Lowe (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0011

This chapter examines the important distinction between practical and theoretical reason and rationality. As a consequence, a modification is made to the version of externalism regarding reasons for action advocated elsewhere in the book. It is contended that the sorts of items that properly qualify as reasons for actions, externalistically conceived, must differ fundamentally from those that properly qualify as reasons for belief, and that these items are needs rather than facts. It is also argued that this ontological difference between reasons for action and reasons for belief goes hand-in-hand with equally fundamental differences between the logic of action and the logic of belief.

Keywords:   logic of action, logic of belief, reasons for action, reasons for belief

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