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The Dance of the IslandsInsularity, Networks, the Athenian Empire, and the Aegean World$
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Christy Constantakopoulou

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199215959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215959.001.0001

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Religious networks in the archaic Aegean

Religious networks in the archaic Aegean

Chapter:
(p.29) 2 Religious networks in the archaic Aegean
Source:
The Dance of the Islands
Author(s):

Christy Constantakopoulou (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215959.003.0002

This chapter focuses on island interaction expressed in religious activities. Its starting point is the Calaurian amphictiony in the Saronic Gulf. It argues that the amphictiony had an 8th-century origin in cult activity in the sanctuary of Poseidon and had a strong maritime character, exemplified in the oracle recorded by Strabo instructing Poseidon to give up Delos and take Calauria instead. The maritime and insular character of the participants in the cult of Apollo at Delos is also stressed. Through a careful examination of the processes of monumentalisation of the sanctuary at Delos, and more particularly of the oikoi (treasuries), the chapter argues that the cult participants were predominantly island states. This should alter our understanding of Delos as essentially the cult centre of the Ionian world: rather communal investment in the sanctuary and its cult, revealed through the archaeological remains, belonged to the Aegean world and its islands, Ionian and Dorian alike.

Keywords:   Calauria, Saronic Gulf, Delos, oikoi, treasuries, monumentalisation, cult of Apollo

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