Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Introduction to Quantum Information Science$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Vlatko Vedral

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199215706

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2019

Quantum mechanics

Quantum mechanics

(p.14) 2 Quantum mechanics
Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Vlatko Vedral

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews all the rules of quantum mechanics and their mathematical notation. It also considers quantum entanglement, a fundamental resource in quantum information. There are four basic postulates of quantum mechanics, that indicate how to represent physical systems, how to represent observations, how to carry out measurements, and how systems evolve when “not measured”. Before describing the laws of quantum mechanics, their mathematical background is first described, along with a Mach Zehnder interferometer experiment in which the (strange) readings on the detectors can be explained by quantum mechanics. This chapter also discusses the Dirac notation, qubits, Hilbert spaces, projective measurements and operations, unitary operations, eigenvectors and eigenvalues, spectral decomposition, applications of the spectral theorem, Dirac notation shorthands, and mixed states.

Keywords:   quantum mechanics, mathematical notation, Dirac notation, quantum entanglement, Mach Zehnder interferometer, Hilbert spaces, qubits, mixed states, spectral decomposition

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .