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MercenariesThe History of a Norm in International Relations$
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Sarah Percy

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199214334

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001

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How Citizens Became the Standard: A Normative Explanation of the Shift Away from Mercenary Use

How Citizens Became the Standard: A Normative Explanation of the Shift Away from Mercenary Use

Chapter:
(p.121) 5 How Citizens Became the Standard: A Normative Explanation of the Shift Away from Mercenary Use
Source:
Mercenaries
Author(s):

Sarah Percy (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0006

This chapter examines the decision in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to adopt a citizen army and stop the long-standing practice of hiring mercenaries from abroad, using four case studies. It is shown that an intellectual tradition of dislike of mercenaries provided the framework for the subsequent changes in the relationship between citizens and states, and the effect that having (or not having) a citizen army had on state identity, ultimately leading to the end of mercenary use.

Keywords:   mercenary, America, France, Prussia, Britain, citizen army

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