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Greening Aid?Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance$
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Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, J. Timmons Roberts, and Michael J. Tierney

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213948

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.001.0001

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Have the Multilaterals Been Greened? Major Trends and Cases

Have the Multilaterals Been Greened? Major Trends and Cases

Chapter:
(p.184) 7 Have the Multilaterals Been Greened? Major Trends and Cases
Source:
Greening Aid?
Author(s):

Robert L. Hicks

Bradley C. Parks (Contributor Webpage)

J. Timmons Roberts (Contributor Webpage)

Michael J. Tierney (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.003.0007

This chapter shows how multilateral agencies provided developing countries with more than $75 billion in environmental aid between 1980 and 2000. It presents descriptive statistics on environmental aid funds that are allocated by multilateral agencies. It specifies which of these International Organizations (IOs) deliver the most money, and which governments give the most to these organizations. It then presents brief case studies of four multilateral agencies which are major distributors of environmental aid: the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Global Environmental Facility, and the OPEC Fund for International Development. It focuses on the struggle between the World Bank and the US Congress over environmental impacts of its funding, since these were some of the most influential battles in the ‘greening’ of the multilaterals.

Keywords:   multilateral environmental aid, aid allocation, international organizations, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Global Environmental Facility, OPEC

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