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Fat EconomicsNutrition, Health, and Economic Policy$
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Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213856

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.001.0001

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The Obesity Epidemic

The Obesity Epidemic

Chapter:
(p.9) 1 The Obesity Epidemic
Source:
Fat Economics
Author(s):

Mario Mazzocchi

W. Bruce Traill

Jason F. Shogren

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.003.0002

This chapter analyses the data on obesity, healthy eating, and health by taking a closer look at the numbers behind the obesity epidemic. It explains the meaning of overweight and obesity by providing illustrations. It points out the distribution of the body mass index (BMI) and its trends. It shows that many non-communicable diseases associated with obesity are concentrated in disadvantaged groups, those of lower socioeconomic group, and lower education, which suggests a behavioral explanation. It attributes the biological cause of weight gain over time is higher energy intake than expenditure. It enumerates the adverse health consequences of obesity like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and several cancers. It also offers that the study of economics on obesity can help address these issues.

Keywords:   healthy eating, BMI, economics, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, energy intake, energy expenditure, health

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