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Promise, Trust and EvolutionManaging the Commons of South Asia$
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Rucha Ghate, Narpat Jodha, and Pranab Mukhopadhyay

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.001.0001

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Irrigation Management—Does Bottom Up Work Better than Top Down in Sri Lanka?

Irrigation Management—Does Bottom Up Work Better than Top Down in Sri Lanka?

Chapter:
(p.191) 8 Irrigation Management—Does Bottom Up Work Better than Top Down in Sri Lanka?
Source:
Promise, Trust and Evolution
Author(s):

Gamini Herath

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0009

In Sri Lanka, the major institutional innovation introduced since the 1980s is the Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT) to water user associations (WUAs). In situations where top-down transfer occurred, the achievements have been limited. There is a modest increase in yield but gains in terms of cost recovery, efficiency, equity, etc., have not been significant. A review of literature in this chapter indicates that the bottom-up approach seems to be better than the top-down approach, at least in the short term when it comes to irrigation water management.

Keywords:   institutional innovation, water user association, irrigation, bottom-up approach, efficiency, equity, Sri Lanka

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