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Promise, Trust and EvolutionManaging the Commons of South Asia$
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Rucha Ghate, Narpat Jodha, and Pranab Mukhopadhyay

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.001.0001

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The Stake‐Net Fishery Association of Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka: Why Has It Survived over 250 Years and Will It Survive another 100 Years?

The Stake‐Net Fishery Association of Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka: Why Has It Survived over 250 Years and Will It Survive another 100 Years?

Chapter:
(p.144) 6 The Stake‐Net Fishery Association of Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka: Why Has It Survived over 250 Years and Will It Survive another 100 Years?
Source:
Promise, Trust and Evolution
Author(s):

Asha Gunawardena

Paul Steele

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0007

Fisheries are key to the livelihoods of up to a million poor people in Sri Lanka. Open-access fisheries exhibit free entry with the result that fishing leads to overharvesting and profits fall to zero. This chapter examines issues in fishery management in the Negombo lagoon on the west coast of Sri Lanka. It focuses on the determinants of successful collective action by the Stake Net Fishery Association, a common property regime which is more than 250 years old and has managed to control the problem of open access. Solving this open-access problem has helped increase the incomes of fishers and sustained the resource base.

Keywords:   fisheries, common property resource, collective action, open-access, Negombo lagoon, Sri Lanka

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