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Promise, Trust and EvolutionManaging the Commons of South Asia$
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Rucha Ghate, Narpat Jodha, and Pranab Mukhopadhyay

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.001.0001

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Heterogeneity, Commons, and Privatization: Agrarian Institutional Change in Goa

Heterogeneity, Commons, and Privatization: Agrarian Institutional Change in Goa

Chapter:
(p.213) 9 Heterogeneity, Commons, and Privatization: Agrarian Institutional Change in Goa
Source:
Promise, Trust and Evolution
Author(s):

Pranab Mukhopadhyay

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0010

In the debate on common property resource management, asset redistribution and privatization of commons have emerged as contentious issues. This chapter uses a case study in Goa, India, to examine whether tenure security and asset redistribution can lead to environmentally sustainable outcomes. It concludes that when public policy involves institutional transition (private purchase of communidade lands), there may be trade-offs involved between equity and sustainability. Institutional change can affect social networks by triggering exit of agents who previously managed land. Due to lack of a prior history of cooperation among the new resource owners, the new equilibrium may shift to a non-cooperative regime that might endanger embankment maintenance and be unsustainable in the long run.

Keywords:   common property resource, embankments, communidade, institutions, heterogeneity, cooperation, Goa, India

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