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OrangutansGeographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation$
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Serge A. Wich, S Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia, and Carel P. van Schaik

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213276

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.001.0001

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Orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction

Orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction

Successes, failures, and role in conservation

Chapter:
(p.327) CHAPTER 23 Orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction
Source:
Orangutans
Author(s):

Anne E. Russon

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0023

Projects for rehabilitating then releasing ex-captive orangutans to free forest life have operated continuously, throughout the orangutan’s modern range, on both Borneo and Sumatra, since the 1960s. This chapter assesses the role of rehabilitation in the conservation of orangutan populations in their natural habitat in light of over 40 years of operation. The chapter reviews the history of orangutan rehabilitation efforts, including its priorities, politics, and practicalities relative to conservation. The chapter also reviews available empirical data on survival rates, activity budgets, diet, and reproduction in an effort to assess the success of orangutan rehabilitation empirically, as a basis for responding to persistent criticisms that orangutan rehabilitation is not successful and does not contribute to conservation. Finally, the chapter discusses how orangutan rehabilitation operates today, as a basis for understanding the complexities involved, modern approaches to programming, remaining limitations, and continuing challenges.

Keywords:   orangutan, Pongo, rehabilitation, reintroduction, ex-captive orangutans, free forest life, rehabilitation efforts, conservation, modern approaches

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