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Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain$
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Nicholas Crafts, Ian Gazeley, and Andrew Newell

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199212668

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.001.0001

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Work over the Life Course

Work over the Life Course

(p.98) 5 Work over the Life Course
Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Paul Johnson

Asghar Zaidi

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines both individual and group characteristics of work experience over the life course. It is shown that there was both huge change and remarkable continuity in the experience of paid work over the life course for men and women in 20th-century Britain. For men, the major change was a substantial reduction in total number of years spent in paid employment, particularly at older ages. For women, the change was in the opposite direction: the 1860s cohort worked on average for only sixteen years between the ages of 15 and 69, whereas the 1970s cohort can expect to work for at least thirty-two years.

Keywords:   work experience, employment patterns, earnings, Britain, labour market, men, women

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