This concluding chapter summarizes this study and argues that 4th-century ‘deictic’ views of mediation have much in common with the recent ‘symbolic’ theology of Roger Haight. This is evident especially in the latter's view that the historical Jesus as the ‘symbol’ of God is not to be identified completely with God, but rather it indirectly shows us how God acts and relates to the world. Given this basic similarity, the criticisms of Athanasius are applied to Haight's theology. Through this critique, it is shown that Haight's symbolic Christology does not effectively accomplish any mediation of the knowledge of God. To the contrary, it actually tends to make God less, rather than more, accessible; and posits an unnecessary mediatorial gap between God and his creation.
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